Fri, 18 Jun 2021

Plant Growth Starter Guide: Deep Water Culture (DWC)

07 Jun 2021, 19:02 GMT+10

The plant growth world is a fascinating place. If you are a starter when it comes to growing plant procedures, something like "deep water culture" might sound like something you read or hear in most science-fiction movies and books. Deep water culture or DWC, is one of the rising methods in alternative plant cultivation. Better forget about soil, for water reigns supreme with DWC. The process is an interesting endeavor. And we'll get into it for today's piece. In addition, numerous online blogs and articles are available if you wish to learn about DWC. Let's get going, shall we?

Fundamental Check: DWC And Hydroponics

Hydroponics is a method of plant growth without the usage of soil. Instead, a solvent replaces the soil, and it is usually filled with nutrients to improve the plant's health and development. Deep water culture is a type of hydroponics. A deep water culture system contains three primary portions:

  • Oxygen

Pumps and air stones deliver oxygen to the setup. It is paramount that you keep the water well oxygenated to prevent any drowning issues at all.

  • Water

The water acts as the 'soil' for your plants. With water constantly assisting with plant growth, you don't have to worry about your crops getting dehydrated. You don't have to 'water' them ever again.

  • Nutrients

Soil is crucial for plant and crop development. The material contains all kinds of nutrients that sustain growth. However, there is no soil present with DWC or hydroponics. The solution is to enhance the water with appropriate nutrients to promote the plant growth you desire.

Time To Talk About Plants

Plants and greens love water. Just make sure you don't give them too much. Here are some of the plants that thrive a lot with deep water culture setups.

  • Basil
  • Bok Choy
  • Chard
  • Collard greens
  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplants
  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Okra
  • Peppers
  • Sorrel
  • Squash
  • Tomatoes

The Advantages Of Setting Up A Deep Water Culture System

Deep water culture setups are rocking the charts nowadays, and there are clear reasons why. Here are some of the benefits and advantages of this type of hydroponics.

  • Deep water culture structures are easy to install.
  • It is one of the simplest types of hydroponics. DWC is an ideal choice for beginner enthusiasts.
  • Maintenance is not an issue at all.
  • The growth rate is a lot faster and improved compared to soil.
  • There are only a few moving parts to the structure.

How About Disadvantages?

Of course. The deep water culture system approach is far from perfect. It has its share of downsides and drawbacks.

  • Water levels, PH concentration, and nutrients may tend to fluctuate. This aspect happens a whole lot more for smaller-scale systems.
  • Your plants can drown. However, this will only happen if you happen to have a pump failure or a power outage.
  • A stable water temperature is tremendously challenging to attain.
  • The same goes for calibration, especially for smaller systems.

Deep Water Culture Tips

  • It is a decent practice to monitor your system regularly.
  • Be on the lookout for temperature changes. Too hot means your system can suffer from dissolved oxygen reduction. And too cold can lead to plant metabolism failure.
  • Check the dissolved oxygen levels. You can do so with the use of an oxygen meter. Most hydroponic retailers have an oxygen meter, as well as other necessary materials for your setup.
  • Know that different pH levels work to control your plant's growth. Some levels are for flowering and fruiting plants. And other levels are primarily for vegetative growth alone.
  • Monitor the nutrient solution every day if you can. Doing so will save your plants from starvation.

As A Conclusion

So many of us do not have the privilege of having a garden - not even a small one. So, the next best thing for us green thumbs is hydroponics. And deep water culture is one hydroponics method to get you going. You don't need a lot of space to get it done. Plus, you don't have to sweat it - the installation and management are nothing but a walk in the park. So, regardless if you are looking for an alternative way to grow plants or wish to try something new, this is totally for you. So, get going, and start a deep water culture setup immediately.

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